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Imaging the invisible: how can research software and imaging techniques help scientists study the things we can’t see?


Because computational methods originated in the natural sciences, some disciplines, such as chemistry and physics, have lots of research software at their disposal. This technique enables Joanna to study samples from the millimetre to the atomic scale, meaning that she can consider the chemical states of materials in much finer detail.

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A 50-Year Quest: My Personal Journey with the Second Law of Thermodynamics

Stephen Wolfram

In early 1984 I visited MIT to use the machine to try to do what amounted to natural science, systematically studying 2D cellular automata. But mostly the cellular automaton machine was used in a maddeningly “Look at this cool thing!” mode, often accompanied by rapid physical rewiring.

Physics 97